Die cut shapes can be made out of many materials and require a die cutter. Rubber, wood, metal, plastic, foam, and many others are all materials that are often used in the process. Die cut shapes are often thin finished products.
There is a high demand for die cut products since they are used across many industries. Die cut gaskets, for example, are very important for a safe and effective operation of process equipment. Automobiles are in need of many die cut shapes as well for gaskets and engine block gaskets. These gaskets are cut out of sheet metal but they can also be made out of rubber. Everyday products and objects are made with die cutters as well such as nameplates, signage, decorations, and plates for electronics. There are many kinds of die cut machinery since there is a wide range of industries that use them.
There are several different kinds of die cutters depending on what is essential for application. The simplest die cutters have thin steel blades called dies, which are used to cut specific shapes. Rotary die cutting forces a material between sharp blades on a cylindrical die and a hard-cylindrical anvil on a rotary press to cut and score materials as tight as .02. This process uses a continuous roll form and is very efficient in large volumes. Steel rule die cutting is another process that are often referred to as a cookie cutter die or clicker die. A steel rule die contains sharp blades in a particular pattern for the design and cuts through the required workable material. In ultrasonic die cutting, the vibrations of a metal horn generate heat and pressure; these vibrations are then used to die cut and seal shapes. Lastly, laser cutting involves a beam of light to create a cut and is often times controlled by a programed computer system.